Uncovering Objective Evidence: Fibromyalgia

Uncovering Objective Evidence: Exploring Complex Factors in Fibromyalgia

Embarking on a short summary, we will dive into the web of fibromyalgia and shed light on the significance of obtaining objective medical evidence.  A physician’s investigation should include various factors that have been published in medical research papers over the past 20 years, like ruling out craniocervical obstructions, blood and cerebrospinal fluid flow abnormalities, Lyme disease, filum disease, craniocervical instability (CCI), Ehlers Danlos Syndrome, spinal stenosis and myelopathy.  In this summary, we aim to gain a holistic understanding of elusive widespread pain conditions, and explore potential objective diagnostic advancements.
Q. Is obtaining objective medical evidence for 
Fibromyalgia Disability Insurance Claims complex? 

A. Not always... Physicians just need to keep 
up-to-date on medical research, and know what tests 
to order to rule out medical conditions that share 
fibromyalgia's signs and symptoms. Once all objective 
testing has been completed, a physician should then 
consider a Fibromyalgia diagnosis.

The Challenge of Fibromyalgia Diagnosis Subjectivity 

Fibromyalgia has long perplexed the medical community due to its subjective nature, but recent research has highlighted underlying factors, many of which can be objectively found on radiology imaging.  We delve into the challenges associated with relying solely on subjective evaluations and recognize the importance of uncovering objective medical evidence related to craniocervical obstructions, blood and cerebrospinal fluid flow abnormalities, Lyme disease, filum disease, and CCI.
Spine & Brain Advocate

1. Exploring Craniocervical Obstructions

Craniocervical obstructions, such as Chiari malformation (CM), play a significant role in some fibromyalgia cases. By examining the association between these obstructions and fibromyalgia symptoms, one can uncover the objective medical evidence that can help identify and understand the interplay between these conditions.
A primary care physician may suspect craniocervical obstructions, such as Chiari malformation, if a patient presents with specific symptoms like headaches and neck pain. To rule out such obstructions, the primary care physician may follow these steps:  patient medical history, physician examination (such as assessing the patient’s strength, reflexes, coordination, and sensory responses), order MRI diagnostic imaging tests to rule out any structural abnormalities like a Chiari malformation.  If the measurements for craniocervical junction abnormalities is positive, a referral to a specialist such as a neurologist or a neurosurgeon, who has extensive knowledge and experience in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the brain, spinal cord, and neck is warranted.  The specialist will conduct a comprehensive evaluation, which may include additional tests and examinations to confirm or rule out the presence of a craniocervical obstruction, and if positive, the specialist’s report can be used as objective medical evidence.
Based on positive CM findings, the specialist should discuss treatment options, such as medications or in some cases, surgery, to alleviate symptoms and manage the condition.  It is important to note that this explanation is simplified and that the diagnosis and management of craniocervical obstructions require thorough evaluation by medical professionals.
The impact of Chiari malformation on a person’s ability to work and their eligibility for disability benefits depends on the severity of their symptoms and how those symptoms affect their functional abilities.  Each case is unique, and disability determinations are made on an individual basis, however providing documentation such as the imaging studies, specialists reports, neurological examination results and other relevant evidence to support the disability claim is key.

2. Unraveling Blood and Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow Abnormalities

Dysfunctional blood flow and cerebrospinal fluid dynamics have been proposed as potential contributors to fibromyalgia. Research surrounding these abnormalities highlight the objective medical evidence that links compromised circulation to the development and progression of these conditions.

A primary care physician investigates blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow abnormalities by using various methods. They can begin by taking a detailed medical history to understand the patient’s symptoms and any relevant health conditions and conduct a physical examination to assess the patient’s overall health and look for signs of abnormal flow. To get more information, the physician should order laboratory tests. These tests analyze blood samples to check for any infections, imbalances, or other abnormalities that could affect blood and CSF flow.
Diagnostic imaging is an essential tool to evaluate blood and CSF flow. The best type of imaging to rule out these conditions depends on the specific symptoms and suspected abnormalities. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is commonly used because it produces detailed images of the brain and spine, and it can assess blood vessel structures, detect brain lesions, and evaluate CSF flow. An MRI can  help identify blockages or abnormal blood vessels that could affect flow.
Another imaging method that can be used is Computed Tomography (CT) scan or Cone Beam CT (CBCT) which is imaging which produces less radiation than a CT Scan.  They produce detailed cross-sectional images of the brain and spine. CBCT / CT scans can identify fractures, tumors, or bleeding that may affect blood or CSF flow, and can help rule out Eagles Syndrome. However, CT scans are less sensitive in evaluating CSF flow than MRI.
In some cases, to evaluate CSF flow more directly, the doctor may use additional imaging techniques. One such technique is a Cine MRI, which records moving images of CSF flow in both the brain and spine. It helps the doctor assess the speed and direction of the flow.  If your physician suspects a CSF leak, MR cisternography imaging is warranted.
In certain situations, a doctor might consider a specific type of imaging called digital subtraction angiography (DSA). DSA is used to visualize blood vessels by injecting a contrast dye into them. It helps detect abnormalities in blood flow and can be particularly useful in assessing conditions affecting the brain’s blood vessels.
In summary, the best type of diagnostic imaging to rule out these conditions is usually an MRI of the brain and neck (down to C6-T1) with and without contrast, which provides detailed images of the brain and spine. In some cases, additional imaging techniques like CT scans, Cine MRI, or digital subtraction angiography may be used.
If abnormal blood or cerebralspinal fluid (CSF) flow issues are identified, your primary care physician should complete a referral to a specialist to complete further testing, evaluation and treatment.  The specific type of specialist will depend on the suspected underlying cause and the affected area of the body.
The impact of blood and CSF flow on a person’s ability to work and their eligibility for disability benefits depends on the severity of their symptoms and how those symptoms affect their functional abilities.  Each case is unique, and disability determinations are made on an individual basis, however providing documentation such as the imaging studies, specialists reports,  examination results and other relevant evidence to support the disability claim is key.

3. The Lyme Disease Connection

Lyme disease, caused by bacteria transmitted through tick bites, has been found to mimic fibromyalgia symptoms in some cases. By examining the objective evidence that differentiates Lyme disease from fibromyalgia and exploring the potential for misdiagnosis, we shed light on the importance of thorough evaluation and accurate diagnosis.
When a primary care physician (PCP) suspects Lyme disease, they will conduct a careful investigation to make a proper diagnosis. They may first ask about any symptoms the patient is experiencing, such as fever, fatigue, rash, or joint pain. They will also inquire about possible exposure to ticks or residing in an area where Lyme disease is more common (note:  contact your local public health or search online for local Lyme Disease Maps to determine if you are in a high risk area, and provide this information to your PCP).   To confirm or rule out Lyme disease, the physician should order a blood test. This test looks for specific antibodies that our body produces when fighting off the Lyme bacteria. However, it is important to note that these tests are not 100% accurate nor perfect.
There are two types of blood tests commonly used for Lyme disease: the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and the Western blot test. The EIA is usually done first as it is more sensitive and can detect a broader range of antibody responses. If the EIA result is positive or indeterminate, a Western blot test is performed to confirm the diagnosis.  However, these tests have limitations. Sometimes, the tests can give a false-negative result, meaning it shows no Lyme antibodies even if the person has the disease. This can happen in the early stages of infection when antibodies may not have developed yet. It can also occur if the test is conducted too soon or if the person has taken antibiotics before the test. In some cases, a person may have Lyme disease but not show positive results on the tests.  This is why, in addition to the blood tests, the primary care physician relies on the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and exposure to ticks when diagnosing Lyme disease. Considering the limitations of the tests, it is crucial for the physician to carefully evaluate all the information available and make an informed diagnosis based on the patient’s clinical presentation.
In summary, when a primary care physician suspects Lyme disease, they will conduct a thorough investigation, including a blood test. However, it is important to understand that these tests are not perfect and can sometimes yield false-negative results. The physician will consider the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and exposure to ticks when making a diagnosis.
The determination of disability is not solely based on having a positive Lyme test. Disability is typically assessed based on the impact of an individual’s symptoms and functional limitations on their ability to perform daily activities, work, or engage in social interactions.  Lyme disease can cause a wide range of symptoms that vary in severity and duration. Common symptoms include fatigue, joint pain, muscle aches, cognitive difficulties, and nerve-related issues. In some cases, these symptoms can significantly impair a person’s ability to function, impacting their quality of life and ability to work.  Whether an individual with Lyme disease is considered disabled would depend on various factors, including the severity and persistence of their symptoms, the extent to which these symptoms impair their ability to perform essential tasks, and the specific guidelines or criteria used by their country or region’s disability programs.  In some cases, individuals with Lyme disease may be eligible for disability benefits or accommodations to ensure their needs are met in the workplace or other settings. However, the process of determining disability varies across different jurisdictions and may involve assessments by healthcare professionals, documentation of symptoms and limitations, and review by disability evaluation specialists.  Ultimately, the determination of disability is a complex and individualized process that considers the specific circumstances and impact of the disease on a person’s functioning ability.

4. Filum Disease / Tethered Cord Syndrome and Fibromyalgia

Filum disease, characterized by an abnormal thickening of the spinal cord, has been suggested as a potential underlying factor in fibromyalgia. Research surrounding this condition and its potential association with fibromyalgia, emphasizing the need for objective evidence to establish a clear correlation is still relatively new.
When a primary care physician suspects filum disease, they will investigate by gathering objective medical evidence and using imaging tests to make a diagnosis. Filum disease refers to a condition known as tethered cord syndrome, where the spinal cord becomes abnormally attached to surrounding tissues, causing various symptoms.
The physician will first ask about the patient’s symptoms, such as back pain, leg weakness, difficulty walking, or problems with bladder and bowel control. They will also inquire about any history of spinal cord or spinal abnormalities.
To gather objective medical evidence, the physician may perform a physical examination to check for signs of neurological issues. They may test for muscle strength, reflexes, and sensation in the affected area. If they suspect filum disease, they should then proceed to order imaging tests.  The best type of imaging to diagnose filum disease is typically lumbar-sacral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).  It can provide crucial information about the spinal cord’s position, any abnormal attachments, and the presence of other spinal abnormalities.

The Radiologist should look for any signs of a tethered spinal cord, thickened filum, or other abnormalities that could explain the symptoms.

When evaluating for filum disease, radiologists primarily focus on the filum terminale (the thin, thread-like structure at the end of the spinal cord) for abnormal tightness that prevents normal movement of the spinal cord within the spinal canal.  Specifically, the radiologist examines several areas for abnormalities, including:  spinal cord position, conus medullaris position (an abnormally low conus medullaris may indicate tethering of the spinal cord),  the presence of syrinx (a fluid-filled cavity within the spinal cord), and  an abnormally thickened or enlarged filum, which may suggest tethered cord syndrome.  The thickness of the filum terminale that is considered abnormal and potentially indicative of tethered cord syndrome can vary among different healthcare professionals and medical sources. However, a common threshold for abnormal filum thickness is typically considered to be greater than 2 millimeters.  Abnormalities in these areas can indicate the presence of tethered cord syndrome. However, it is important to note that the diagnosis of tethered cord syndrome is usually based on a combination of clinical symptoms, physical examination findings, and imaging findings. A radiologist’s interpretation of the images may be part of the assessment, but it is typically done in collaboration with other healthcare professionals, such as neurosurgeons or spinal specialists, who specialize in diagnosing and treating TCS.  If filum disease is confirmed, the primary care physician may refer the patient to a specialist, such as a neurosurgeon or spine surgeon, for further evaluation and treatment.

5. Dynamic Craniocervical Instability (CCI) and its Implications

Craniocervical instability (CCI), often seen in individuals with a wide degree of connective tissue disorders, has been explored as a potential contributing factor to fibromyalgia. We examine the objective evidence suggesting a connection between CCI and fibromyalgia symptoms, emphasizing the need for in-depth evaluation and personalized treatment approaches.
When a primary care physician suspects craniocervical instability (CCI), they will investigate by gathering information and using diagnostic imaging to assess the stability of the structures connecting the skull and the upper part of the spine.  To begin the investigation, the physician will ask about the patient’s symptoms, such as severe headaches, neck pain, dizziness, or problems with balance. They will also inquire about any history of trauma, or other conditions associated with CCI.
One of the best diagnostic imaging methods to rule out CCI is the upright, dynamic, or flexion-extension cervical spine MRI. This imaging technique allows the physician to assess the spine’s movement and evaluate any abnormalities during various neck positions.  In addition to the MRI, the radiologist should measure certain angles and distances in neutral, flexion and extension positions, to further assess stability of the craniocervical and cervical spine. Furthermore, clinical signs, such as a positive spurling test (compression of the cervical nerves) or provocation tests that reproduce symptoms, may also be evaluated during the examination.If the imaging and measurements indicate possible CCI, the primary care physician may refer the patient to a specialist, such as a neurosurgeon or a spine specialist, for further evaluation, confirmation, and treatment options.
In summary, a primary care physician investigates craniocervical instability by gathering information, conducting a physical examination, and using diagnostic imaging, such as the upright, dynamic cervical spine MRI, and craniocervical junction measurements . These tests help assess the stability of the structures connecting the skull and upper part of the spine. If CCI is suspected, the patient may be referred to a specialized healthcare professional for further evaluation, such as spinal myelopathy (injury to the spinal cord) or kinking of the medulla, and appropriate treatment.

6.  The rise of Ehlers Danlos Syndrome cases

The rise in EDS diagnosis can be attributed to several factors including increased awareness and understanding of the condition among healthcare professionals, and advancements in genetic testing techniques allow for more accurate identification of specific subtypes of EDS.   However, Fibromyalgia and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) are two distinct conditions that can share some similar symptoms, which can result in misdiagnosis. It is essential for a primary care physician to consider the possibility of EDS when evaluating a patient for fibromyalgia due to this overlap.

Patients with EDS often experience chronic pain, fatigue, and joint hypermobility. These symptoms can mimic the widespread musculoskeletal pain and fatigue characteristic of fibromyalgia. As a result, a primary care physician may initially diagnose a patient with fibromyalgia without recognizing the underlying presence of EDS.
To investigate EDS, a primary care physician will begin by obtaining a detailed medical history from the patient, particularly focusing on symptoms related to joint hypermobility, recurrent dislocations, skin fragility, and a family history of similar symptoms. EDS often has a genetic component, so identifying a family history of the condition is helpful in understanding potential risk factors.
A physical examination is crucial in evaluating hypermobility and other physical features associated with EDS. The Beighton score is commonly used to assess the flexibility of specific joints, such as the fingers and knees. A score of 5 or higher is suggestive of joint hypermobility. Additionally, the physician may assess the patient’s skin for stretchiness, fragility, or other observable characteristics associated with EDS.
If the patient’s symptoms and physical examination findings suggest EDS, the primary care physician may refer them to a specialist, such as a geneticist or rheumatologist, for further evaluation. Genetic testing may be recommended to confirm the diagnosis, as there are different subtypes of EDS with specific genetic mutations.
It is important for healthcare professionals to differentiate between fibromyalgia and EDS, as their management approaches differ. While fibromyalgia is primarily treated with medications to alleviate pain and other symptoms, EDS often requires a multidisciplinary approach to address the physical and psychological aspects of the condition.
In summary, fibromyalgia can be misdiagnosed in patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome due to overlapping symptoms. A primary care physician investigates EDS by taking a detailed medical history, assessing physical features like joint hypermobility, and considering family history. Referral to a specialist and genetic testing may be necessary for confirmation of the diagnosis. Recognizing the distinction between EDS and fibromyalgia is crucial to provide appropriate care and management for each condition.  

7. Navigating Fibromyalgia Disability Claims

Objective medical evidence for a fibromyalgia disability claim can be challenging to obtain because fibromyalgia is primarily diagnosed based on self-reported symptoms rather than objective diagnostic tests. However, there are several avenues to gather supportive medical evidence:

1. Objective Tests: While there are no specific objective tests for fibromyalgia, additional tests may be performed to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms such as the ones above and others, like Lupus. Documenting the results of these tests can help support the diagnosis of fibromyalgia.
2. Medical Records and Patient Journals: Providing comprehensive medical and healthcare records, and patient journals that document symptoms, treatments, and examinations over an extended period can demonstrate the history and progression of fibromyalgia.
3. Physician Statements: Obtaining statements from healthcare professionals who have evaluated and treated the individual can be beneficial. These statements should clearly describe the patient’s symptoms, functional limitations, and the impact of fibromyalgia on their ability to work or carry out daily activities.
4. Diagnostic Criteria: Demonstrating that the individual meets the diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia established by recognized medical guidelines, such as the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria, can support the disability claim.
5. Specialist Evaluation: Being evaluated by a rheumatologist or pain specialist who specializes in fibromyalgia can lend credibility to the diagnosis and provide expert opinions on the individual’s limitations.
6. Functional Assessments and Report: Conducting physical exams and functional assessments, such as the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) or the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (MAF), can demonstrate the impact of fibromyalgia on daily functioning and quality of life.  This is best provided by a reputable and qualified medical professional, such as a Physiatrist.
In Summary
By expanding medical investigations to encompass medical conditions such as craniocervical obstructions, blood and cerebrospinal fluid flow abnormalities, Lyme disease, filum disease, Eagles syndrome, craniocervical instability (CCI), spinal stenosis, myelopathy and Ehlers Danlos Syndrome, we deepen our understanding of medical conditions causing chronic widespread pain while recognizing the importance of obtaining objective medical evidence.  When physicians incorporate these factors into diagnostic considerations and treatment approaches, it holds promise for improved accuracy, targeted therapies, and enhanced quality of life for individuals living with chronic pain.
It is worth noting that the disability determination process can be complex, and the outcome may vary depending on individual circumstances. Consulting with a healthcare provider to objectively rule out all possible causes for a patient’s signs and symptoms is key.   If your disability claim is denied (which seems to happen more often than not), seeking legal advice from an experienced disability lawyer can provided valuable guidance and support during the disability application process.  To find a reputable disability lawyer, ask your doctor, family, friends or local support group for referrals or check online for local lawyer ratings.


What is fibromyalgia (FM)?  Is FM a legitimate medical diagnosis?

Fibromyalgia is a legitimate medical diagnosis.  Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and cognitive difficulties.  It is a complex condition with multiple contributing factors and often coexists with other medical conditions. However, a diagnosis of fibromyalgia can be tricky, because fibromyalgia isn’t the only condition with widespread pain, meaning it is important to rule out other medical conditions with objective medical evidence such as blood tests or medical imaging, first.

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

The symptoms of fibromyalgia can vary widely from person to person. Common symptoms include chronic pain, which is often described as a deep, persistent ache that affects multiple areas of the body. Fatigue is also a hallmark symptom, with individuals often experiencing a constant feeling of exhaustion, even after adequate rest. Sleep disturbances, cognitive difficulties commonly referred to as “fibro fog,” headaches, sensitivity to temperature, light and noise, numbness and tingling of the arms and legs, and mood disturbances like depression and anxiety are also frequently reported.  Of course, these symptoms overlap with many other medical conditions, which is why it is important to rule out other medical conditions before a physician concludes with a fibromyalgia diagnosis.

What causes fibromyalgia?

The exact cause of fibromyalgia is still unknown. However, research suggests that it may result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors. It can be triggered by physical or emotional trauma, infections, or certain medical conditions.

How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

Diagnosing fibromyalgia can be complex. There are no specific laboratory tests that can definitively confirm the condition. Diagnosis is typically based on a thorough medical history review, physical examination, and the presence of widespread pain for at least three months. Healthcare professionals may also use other tests to rule out other conditions that have similar symptoms.

Can cervical myelopathy due to Chiari malformation and spinal stenosis mimic fibromyalgia symptoms?

Cervical myelopathy resulting from these structural abnormalities can cause pain, weakness, sensory disturbances, and other symptoms that overlap with fibromyalgia.

Are there any reported cases of positional cervical cord compression causing fibromyalgia-like symptoms?

A 2012 case study titled “Positional cervical cord compression and fibromyalgia” reported on a patient who presented with fibromyalgia symptoms but was later found to have positional cervical cord compression. Proper evaluation and imaging studies revealed that the compression of the cervical cord contributed to the patient’s symptoms.

Fibromyalgia or overlooked Cervical Myelopathy?
Study Results 2004:  Clinical evidence for cervical myelopathy due to Chiari malformation and spinal stenosis “Fibromyalgia is a form of non-articular rheumatism, characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain. By some estimates it affects 6 million Americans.  Patients were primarily women (87%) of mean age 44 years, who had been symptomatic for 8 years. The predominant complaints were neck / back pain (95%), fatigue (95%), exertional fatigue (96%), cognitive impairment (92%), instability of gait (85%), grip weakness (83%), paresthesiae (80%), dizziness (71%) and numbness (69%).  88% of patients reported worsening of symptoms with neck extension. The neurological examination was consistent with cervical myelopathy. A detailed neurological evaluation of patients with fibromyalgia in order to exclude cervical myelopathy, a potentially treatable condition.” (USA)  Reference

Article from Canada and Switzerland 

What is the association between neurological signs and symptoms and fibromyalgia?

A 2010 study focusing on neurological signs and symptoms in fibromyalgia found that a significant number of fibromyalgia patients had neurological abnormalities. These abnormalities included sensory changes, impaired muscle strength, reflex abnormalities, and abnormal nerve conduction studies. However, the exact relationship between these neurological findings and fibromyalgia remains an area of ongoing research.
Is there a cure for fibromyalgia?
While there is no known cure for fibromyalgia, there are various treatment approaches aimed at managing symptoms and improving quality of life. It’s important to work closely with a healthcare team to develop an individualized treatment plan.
What are the treatment options for fibromyalgia?
Treatment options for fibromyalgia often include a combination of medication, physical therapy, exercise, stress management techniques, and lifestyle modifications. Medications such as pain relievers, antidepressants, and anti-seizure drugs may be prescribed to help manage pain and other symptoms. Physical therapy can help improve strength, flexibility, and reduce pain. Regular exercise tailored to individual capabilities, such as low-impact activities like swimming or walking, can also be beneficial. Stress management techniques such as relaxation exercises, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and mindfulness practices can help individuals cope with the emotional and psychological impact of fibromyalgia.
How does fibromyalgia impact daily life?
Fibromyalgia can have a significant impact on daily life. It can limit physical abilities, decrease energy levels, impair cognitive function and memory, affect mood and overall well-being. It’s important to develop coping strategies, set realistic goals, and seek support from healthcare professionals, family, and friends.
Are there any natural remedies or alternative therapies for fibromyalgia?
 While there is limited scientific evidence supporting the effectiveness of natural remedies or alternative therapies specifically for fibromyalgia, some individuals find relief through techniques such as acupuncture, massage, yoga, chiropractic care, and dietary changes. Before trying any alternative approaches, it is important to discuss them with a healthcare professional.
Can fibromyalgia be managed with lifestyle changes?
Making certain lifestyle changes can help manage fibromyalgia symptoms. Regular exercise tailored to individual capabilities can help reduce pain and improve overall well-being. Adopting a healthy sleep routine, practicing good sleep hygiene, and creating a relaxing environment can enhance sleep quality. Stress management techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, and engaging in activities that promote relaxation can help manage stress and improve overall well-being. Maintaining a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains can provide the necessary nutrients to support body function and energy levels.

What are some conservative management suggestions for fibromyalgia?

Always discuss options with your treating physicians before trying any suggestions.

    1. Exercise i.e. walking, aqua fitness or walking in water (the pressure of the water pushes more blood up and into the brain) at least 30 minutes a day
    2. Drink enough water daily (i.e. 11 cups daily for women and 15 cups for men)
    3. Daily gentle neck stretches in the morning and nighttime as recommended by a PT or Upper Cervical Chiropractor
    4. Proper Body Postures as recommended by an Occupational Therapist
    5. Upper Cervical Chiropractic NUCCA, Atlas-Orthogonal or Blair
    6. Physiotherapy (PT)
    7. Diet – Eat foods that improve brain health like 1 cup berries, leafy greens, walnuts, pumpkin seeds, omega-3, tumeric, coconut and avocados.
    8. Talk to your physician about appropriate surgery options

Are there any support groups or communities for people with fibromyalgia?

Support groups and communities for individuals with fibromyalgia can be immensely beneficial. These groups provide a space to share experiences, gain insights, and receive emotional support from others who understand the challenges of living with the condition. Online resources, local support groups, and healthcare providers can help connect individuals to these communities.


Additional References:

  1. Diseases and Conditions, Is Fibromyalgia real? by Harvard Medical School
  2. Common Misdiagnoses of Fibromyalgia, Medically Reviewed by Sabrina Felson, MD and written by Joseph Saling.  
  3. Filum Disease Behind Fibromyalgia: A Preliminary Study
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